Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder



What is ADHD?


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, also known as ADHD, is a condition that is defined by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. This disorder is typically and most commonly diagnosed in young people, with an estimated 8.8% of children aged 4-17 years old. However, ADHD does not only affect children but adults as well. There is an approximation of 4.4% of adults who are diagnosed with ADHD, but it is possible, with the right treatment, for these people to live a long, happy, normal life.




Symptoms


There are many symptoms of ADHD including:


Inattention

-Losing objects

-Becoming bored easily

-Getting distracted easily and jerky movements

-Daydreaming/wandering with no sense of motivation

-Struggle and difficulty with processing and getting things done on time


Hyperactivity

-Fidgeting/squirming

-Non-stop talking

-Difficulty doing quiet tasks


Inactivity

-Impatience

-Interrupting others

-Acting without regard to consequences




Causes


There are many factors that can contribute to ADHD, such as genetics and environmental influences. Researches have gotten evidence that genetics may play a big role in ADHD since it tends to run in families. Also, studies have been made that link smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol to pregnancy and children who have ADHD. Exposure to lead seems to be yet another factor that increases the chance of this disorder.




Treatments


Various treatments can be taken for those affected with ADHD to better their lives into an almost normal one. A comprehensive approach including medical, educational, behavioral, and psychological intervention is called “multimodal,” and this treatment can come in different forms including:

-parent training

-medication

-skills training

-counseling



Despite the fact that ADHD cannot be cured, individuals can still experience mental health recovery, meaning the ongoing management of the symptoms for ADHD. The two main trademarks of recovery include having a “meaningful life” and growing towards one’s “full potential,” which are both attainable according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA).


Sources: https://www.nami.org/About-Mental-Illness/Mental-Health-Conditions/ADHD

https://chadd.org/about-adhd/treatment-of-adhd/

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